When I first met Mimi a few months ago (in my back yard), it was clear that she was a nursing mama. Her teets were obvious when she sat on her hind legs, bare of fur, and her body was larger than most of my other squirrel neighbours.
At first when I noticed her fur markings I wondered if she might have mange or a condition of some sort. But as I got to know her, and see her almost every day, it was clear she was healthy and mange free. She has a mama vest!
Mama squirrels pull out their own fur to line their nest. The fur ensures that their babies stay warm and dry on cold spring and autumn nights.
Think about that for a sec. Can you imagine pulling out your own body hair to line your baby’s crib?!?? Not just grooming ones self and saving what gets brushed out, but actually pulling out your own healthy fur. Wow.
So, of course, I looked into it. Do other animals do that, too? Sure, you might think of birds nests having feathers in it, but I would not have imagined that the birds pluck their own bodies to prep their nests. And what about other furry mammals, like raccoons, bears, coyotes, foxes, and skunks – do they pull out their own fur, too?
There appears to be a lot of info about pregnant bunnies pulling out their fur. Mostly from worried pet owners looking for advice. And there is info about the common mental health condition called trichotillomania, where humans and other animals pull out their own hair or fur due to stress and anxiety.
But there seems to be very little to no publicly available research about the phenomenon of pulling out ones own fur lovingly, instinctually, to prep to care for babies.
Apparently some birds will use brushed out dog or cat hair to line their nests, and some people put their pet hair brushings outside for the birds to use. (I never would have thought of that.)
If I come across more insight about it, I’ll share the info with you.
It was many weeks before I met Mimi’s babies, and then realized who is hers. The only way I can tell is that they romp around together and with her. All of the other squirrels are wary of each other and can be aggressive toward each other.
But Mimi and her babies – Baby Grey, Baby Brin, and the most recent one who I discovered is a sibling, Greysie – will tumble around with each other affectionately and playfully.
It’s somewhere around 30 degrees in Toronto this afternoon. My little friend Gradie is lying spread-eagle in the shade of a chair on my porch beside me as I work inside.
Yesterday he lay on his stomach in the shade on the driveway, all four legs straight out in each direction. And earlier today I saw another of my squirrel neighbours, Mimi, in the same position in my back yard.
Apparently, this is called “planking” or “heat dumping,” and, as you’d guess, it helps them cool down. The idea is to get as much of the surface of their tiny body against a cool surface, and this dissipates body heat.
DYK squirrels sweat through their feet?? I sure didn’t. They also pant like dogs and other animals. And they sometimes lick their fur so they can get a little cooler when it evaporates.
Squirrels can get heat stroke, like people, and it seems to happen primarily when the don’t have access to water. I have a small water dish out for my furry little neighbours.
When we think of animals and companions in
the same breath, we often think about pet dogs. Maybe some therapy animals. The
focus there is really on the companionship and related benefits that the
animals provide to humans. All good. But what about the animals’ own needs for
companionship? Many of our urban critters have their own social needs and structures.
Coyotes in care together
Of the four adult coyotes in care right now, two have been placed together in the same enclosure – it turns out that they are a mated couple! Both are in care to heal from mange. I think it’s amazing that we’d have both in care, and that we would know they are mates and be able to put them together.
Urban coyotes mate for life and are totally
faithful to each other, unlike other canids.
How do we know they are mates? These ones are
from the Richmond Hill area, both from the same territory, which is what tipped
off the TWC that they might be mates. The TWC’s Hotline and Rescue services often
have a variety of people in a neighbourhood watching certain animals. It is
likely that these two coyotes were observed together or in the same territory
many times before they were brought in.
Although these coyotes came in separately, and
were originally cared for in separate rooms, they have now been placed in the
same room. The initial stage of mange treatment takes 3 days, so I suspect that
they were moved in together after both were passed that stage and into needing
time and care to heal. There are always two different kennels in their room but
staff person C said that a few days ago she saw them cuddled up together in the
I was fortunate to see them both up close this
week, as I closed them up in their kennels (usually open) so their room could
be cleaned. One of the coyotes is beautiful, with gorgeous fur and alert calm
demeanor. The other is in really rough shape with missing fur, one eye halfway
closed, scabs and swelling. A lot longer way to go to heal. But it will heal. In the meantime, it must
make such a huge difference to them to be together, since their mate and family
members are so very important to coyotes.
The Urban Coyote Initiative says,
“It’s common to see a single coyote hunting or traveling on its own, but that
doesn’t necessarily mean it is alone. Coyotes are highly social animals and
this didn’t change when they entered the urban ecosystem. Coyotes may live as
part of a pack, which usually consists of an alpha male and female, perhaps one
or two of their offspring from previous seasons (known as a “helper”) and their
current litter of pups. The pack may also welcome in a solitary traveler if
their territory can support another member. Packs living in sizable protected areas
can have as many as five or six adults.
However, a coyote may also spend
part of its life on its own … common when young coyotes disperse from their
pack and go in search of their own territory, a new pack to join, or a mate
with whom to start their own pack. A coyote may also spend a stretch of time as
a loner if it was an alpha in a pack but lost its mate.”
A forever home for the quail
I finally asked about the quail we have in songbird room at the TWC. On her chart it says that she is an escaped domestic bird. It turns out that the TWC is trying to find a home for her – someone to adopt her! A staff person I spoke with said they are looking for someone with an acreage or hobby farm with a family of other quail for her to join.
Quails in the wild live in social groups, or coveys,
that are mostly family members. Quail mate for life and are monogamous, with
both partners raising their babies and teaching the young all the skills they
need to thrive. They are also fairly vocal with a variety of unique sounds they
use to communicate.
“The quail, invisible, whistles, and who attends?” – Henry David Thoreau
Peeps the baby pigeon has a pal
Peeps the baby we heard and fed last week is now in a double-wide enclosure with another young pigeon, who is gorgeous. White and auburn feathers – I don’t think I’ve ever seen one that colour before. Brownish red. True auburn, with just a little bit of iridescent purple at the tips of her neck feathers. She and Peeps are calming each other, good together.
Both needed to be tube fed, and it happened
to be my final sign-off for pigeon handling. I needed to remove Peeps carefully
with one hand since the enclosure opening is so small, and had to tuck one of
her wings into the pillowcase that covered her to keep her calm. She pecked at
my fingers holding her breast under the pillowcase. But it was smooth with both
of them, they were fed by volunteer J, and returned to their enclosure
together, and I got my pigeon handling final sign-off.
social and, as we see in all parts of downtown they live in flocks of 20-30
individuals. All of our feral city pigeons,
a.k.a. rock pigeons, are descendants of domesticated rock doves. They can live more than 30 years and they, too, are monogamous,
with one mate for a lifetime. Pigeon mates can lay multiple clutches in a year,
including all year-round if winter doesn’t get too cold. They lay two eggs at a
time, which hatch after 18 days.
Young birds depend on their parents for the first two months of their life. Both parents take care of the chicks (called squabs), and feed them a form of “pigeon milk,” which is what we try to replicate when tube-feeding baby pigeons at the TWC. The pigeon is one of only three bird species (the others being flamingos and male emperor penguins) known to produce ‘milk’ to feed their young. Scientists at Deakin University found that, like mammalian milk, it contains antioxidants and immune-enhancing proteins important for the growth and development of the young.
highly intelligent. They are of course well-known for
their ‘homing’ superpowers and their history of carrying messages over long
distances to accurate destinations. In scientific tests, pigeons have been able
to not only differentiate between photographs, but even differentiate between
two different human beings in a photograph. They
can be taught to recognize all letters of the English alphabet. They are
also able to recognize themselves in a mirror.
I wrote about Zenelophon and Yorick cuddled up together in a previous post here. Since writing that, the first time I found them together like that, every time I have cared for them, every week, they are always cuddled up together.
Bats are super social animals, well known for forming huge colonies. Roosting together in such large numbers gives them protection from predators and the social interaction they need. According to James Robertson’s book The Complete Bat, the females gather to form these large colonies, with males remaining largely solitary or in small groups until the breeding season. Communication is vitally important to bats – researchers have found that their wide range of vocalizations are associated with warnings of threats and with general social communication.